Efren L Rael, MD

 

Efren Rael, MD, Allergy & Immunology, Palo Alto, CA, California Pacific Medical Center

Faculty, Stanford School of Medicine, Clinical Director Sean N. Parker Center for Allergy Research, Stanford University

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Office Address


Education & Training

  • University of South FloridaUniversity of South FloridaFellowship
  • Lahey ClinicResidency
  • Boston University Medical CenterBoston University Medical CenterResidency
  • UCLA Medical CenterUCLA Medical CenterInternship
  • Boston University School of MedicineBoston University School of MedicineMedical School


Certifications & Licensure

  • CA State Medical LicenseCA State Medical License 2015 – 2018
  • PA State Medical LicensePA State Medical License 2010 – 2016
  • FL State Medical LicenseFL State Medical License 2008 – 2012
  • American Board of Allergy and Immunology Allergy & Immunology
  • American Board of Internal Medicine Internal Medicine


Awards, Honors, & Recognition

  • ASCIA National Asthma Council Award ASCIA, 2012


Publications & Presentations

  • Journal Articles
  • Clinical findings in patients with co-morbid conditions of asthma and diabetes.  Brooks J, Henao MP, Rael E., Am J. Respir Crit Care Med, 2015;191,(P482)A4320., 5/18/2015
  • Obesity correlates with asthma risk.  Rael E., Am J. Respir Crit Care Med, 2015;191,(P490)A4328., 5/18/2015
  • Asthma COPD overlap syndrome is associated with significant breathing risk.  Rael E., Am J. Respir Crit Care Med, 2015;191,(P647)A2844., 5/18/2015
  • The one airway hypothesis, mechanical, physiologic, immunologic, neurologic, or all of the above?  Rael, E., Am. J. Respir Crit Care Med, 2015;191,(P993)A5039., 5/18/2015
  • A comparison of lipid levels in diabetics with and without asthma.  Henao MP, Brooks J, Rael E., Am J. Respir Crit Care Med, 2015;191,(P145)A1702., 5/17/2015
  • Physical exam findings, quality of life effects, and co-morbid conditions associated with immunodeficiency.  Brooks J, Rael E, Swavely S., Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 2015:135(S2), AB102., 2/22/2015
  • Air pollution correlates with ACQ scores.  Henao M, Song E, Rosenberg J, Gleeson P, Milano V, Lucas R, Rael E., Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 2015:135(S2), AB108., 2/22/2015
  • Positive intradermal mold skin testing correlates with past and future asthma emergency room visits and hospitalizations.  Rael E., Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 2015:135(S2), AB242., 2/22/2015
  • Eye symptoms correlate with asthma severity  Chen M, Rael E, Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, 11/15/2014
  • Association between asthma control and body mass index in asthmatics.  Gleeson P, Rael E, Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, 11/15/2014
  • Optimal duration of allergen immunotherapy  Rael E, Lockey R, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 10/1/2014
  • Increased hyperlipidemia in co-morbid asthma and diabetes.  Rael, E; Johl, M, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 5/18/2014
  • Autosomal Dominant Hyper IgE Syndrome Caused By A Novel Signal Transducer and Activator Of Transcription 3 (stat3) H410Y Mutation In The DNA Binding Domain  Rael, E; Ishmael, F, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 5/18/2014
  • Language disparities among minority patients with poor asthma control.  Zaragoza-buxo J, Rael E, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 2/2014
  • Infectious asthma trigger, ACQ score and MiniRQLQ score correlations support the one airway hypothesis.  Virojanapa A, Shah P, Omondi A, Rael E., Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 2/2014
  • Are environmental factors more important in asthma than genetic factors?  Rael E., Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 2/2014
  • Central nervous system vasculitis in common variable immunodeficiency  Krishnaiah B, Rael E, Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, 11/2013
  • Protracted anaphylaxis in a 35 year old female with no prior history of food allergies.  Patel A, Rael E, Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, 11/2013
  • Salivary microRNAs as biomarkers of asthma  Ishmael F, Roff A, Craig T, Rael E, Howrylak J, Ghaffari G, Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, 11/2013
  • Asthma phenotype triggers correlate with clinical outcome.  Rael E, Shah P., Internal Medicine Journal., 2012
  • Interleukin-13 signaling and its role in asthma.  Rael E, Lockey RF., World Allergy Organization Journal., 2011
  • Oxymetazoline Hydrochloride combined with Mometasone Nasal Spray for persistent nasal congestion.  Rael EL, Ramey JT, Lockey RF, Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology., 2010
  • TNF Receptor-Associated Periodic Fever Syndrome (TRAPS) caused by TNFR SF1A R121Q, (R92Q) mutation in exon 4.  Rael EL, Kohler MJ, Craven DE, Kovacs SC, Lockey RF., Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, 2009
  • Long Term Outcome (10 years) Following Discontinuation of Venom Immunotherapy.  Riester DE, Rael E, Saryan D, Saryan JA., Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology., 2009
  • Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome (ALPS) caused by a novel TNFR SF6 CD95 Fas 224(+2) t->c, mutation in the splice site region in intron 1.  Rael E, Sher M, Bleesing J, Sleasman J., Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology., 2009
  • Successful allopurinol desensitizaiton case report.  Rael E, Riester D, Saryan J., Allergy and Asthma Proceedings., 2007
  • Pasteurella multocida abscess and fasciitis presenting as chronic leg edema.  Benou C, Rael E, Welch H, Craven DE., Infections in Medicine, 2006
  • The FXYD gene family of small ion transport regulators or channels: cDNA sequence, protein signature, and expression.  Sweadner KJ, Rael E, Genomics, 2000
  • Splice variants of the Na,K-ATPase gamma subunit. In: Taniguchi K, Kaya S, eds. Na/K-ATPase and Related ATPases.  Sweadner, KJ, Rael E, Wentzel RK, Arystarkhova E, Na/K-ATPase and Related ATPases. Amsterdam: Elsevier., 2000
  • The Na,K-ATPase gamma subunit modulates Na+ and K+ affinity.  Arystarkhova E, Wetzel R, Rael E, Asinovski N, Sweadner, KJ., Biophysical Journal, 2000
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  • Books/Book Chapters
  • Antimicrobial Resistance – Problem Pathogens and Clinical Countermeasures Chapter: Shorter Course Antibiotic Therapy (SCAT): Principles, Current Data, and Caveats. Page 337 – 370
    Craven DE, McQuillen DP, Ooi WW, Jacoby GA, Rael EL, Craven KS.
    Editors: Owens, RC Jr and Lautenbach E.Informa Healthcare USA, Inc, New York, NY
    2009

  • Other
  • Continuing medical education examination. Deciphering gene-environment interactions through mouse models of allergic asthma. Phillips J, Varghese M, Rael E, Kim D, Lockey RF., Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
    2009


Committees

  • Member,
    American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Asthma, Diagnosis and Therapeutics Committee
    2011 – 2015
  • Member,
    American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Asthma, Committee on the Underserved
    2011 – 2015
  • Member,
    American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Asthma, Genetics, Molecular Biology and Epidemiology
    2011 – 2015


Professional Memberships


Hospital Affiliations

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